I was recently asked by someone who organizes a macro outlook conference for names of women and ‘non-white’ men who would be knowledgeable and good presenters. (I think the idea was to avoid a sea of panels with only white, male economists … not uncommon in macro.) The only hard part of his request was finding time to work on the list! Let me stress that I do not group economists in my mind by the color of their skin, gender orientation, or any other personal characteristics. I wrote up a list of suggestions as in groups requested, but their fields of expertise and the examples of their work that I included is more how I think of my economist colleagues. This is not an exhaustive list, I was trying to span the set of topics that might come up at a macro outlook conference. There are nearly 400 PhD economists on staff at the Board, and, of course, plenty of the white men at the Board would also be excellent additions to any macro outlook conference. And while I am proud of improvements in diversity over time at the Board, we also have a ways to go.
I did not intend to make a list solely of economists at the Federal Reserve Board in DC. We do have a mix of policy and research responsibilities that makes us focused on real-world issues. See Beverly Hirtle’s answer on how Fed economists differ from those in academia. We also get a lot of practice on writing and speaking. Even so, diversity takes many forms and you do not want a program full of Fed types. In fact, I went to an awesome conference this week on labor market disparities and it’s awesomeness stemmed from the wide-ranging participation (especially the audience).
Does diversity matter for the economics? Clearly we all want the sharpest, most dedicated economists on the task. But don’t you worry about our pipelines when we start to look or alike or come from the similar backgrounds? I do. A critical mass not a strict equality is often all we need to make the profession welcoming to a would-be sharp economist. Not once have I walked in a forecast meeting at the Board and felt that I stick out as a woman. But that’s not true everywhere I go. Even a few years ago at the NBER Summer Institute, I walked into a room and was one of few women sitting at the table as a presenter. I noticed. When I was at CEA, I got to present the US forecast at the OECD. When I looked around a HUGE table, I was the only woman presenting a country forecast and few were even in the room. By that point, I had done tons of macro forecasting and I knew that I had something to contribute. Who, we as economists choose to represent us and to tell us about the economy, does send a message. Choose your panels and speakers wisely. I want to make sure we are sending a message that supports diversity and makes our economics stronger.
Update: I knew in writing this that I did not know as well how to even set up the race/ethnicity grouping. (Note, gender is not simple either.) I went with the idea of non-white but I would encourage you to visit the Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession for a more systematic approach. More broadly, I struggle to explain why diversity matters and yes, it should take many many forms but I don’t think it’s a stretch for us to be very concerned about groupthink in economics.
Update 2: The list below is not comprehensive … but maybe some are interested in the overall stats. By my calculations from the webpage, there are 394 economists on the Board staff, of which ~107 are women = ~27%. In macro specialty the split is ~55 women / 218 total = ~25%. Note the “~” takes into account that I don’t know the gender identification. See the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession’s annual report for some comparisons in the economics profession.
Some Women Economists at the Board:
Stephanie Aaronson, Assistant Director – labor markets, general macro “Labor Force Participation: Recent Developments and Future Prospects”
Kimberly Bayard, Group Manager – IO, measurement, industrial production “Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization: Recent Bulletin Articles and Other References”
Stephanie Curcuru, Assistant Director – international capital flows, market risk measures: “The Return on U.S. Direct Investment at Home and Abroad”
Wendy Dunn, Principal Economist – general macro, measurement “The Effect of Sales-Tax Holidays on Consumer Spending”
Burcu Dyygan-Bump, Assistant Director – monetary policy “The Demand for Short-Term, Safe Assets and Financial Stability: Some Evidence and Implications for Central Bank Policies”
Rochelle Edge, Associate Director – Financial stability, DSGE Who is in charge of financial stability, why, and what they can do and “How Useful Are Estimated DSGE Model Forecasts for Central Bankers?”
Laura Feiveson, Senior Economist – consumption, state and local government finance “Does State Fiscal Relief during Recessions Increase Employment? Evidence from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act”
Sarena Goodman, Senior Economist – student loans, college access, Survey of Consumer Finances “Where Credit is Due: The Relationship between Family Background and Credit Health”
Joanne Hsu, Senior Economist – financial literacy, consumer credit, Survey of Consumer Finances “Minimum Wages and Consumer Credit: Impacts on Access to Credit and Traditional and High-Cost Borrowing”
Jane Ihrig, Associate Director – monetary policy, asset pricing “Rewriting Monetary Policy 101: What’s the Fed’s Preferred Post-Crisis Approach to Raising Interest Rates?”
Felicia Ionescu, Principal Economist – student loans, human capital “College or the Stock Market, or College and the Stock Market?”
Elizabeth Klee, Assistant Director – monetary policy implementation “Take it to the Limit: The Debt Ceiling and Treasury Yields”
Raven Molloy, Chief – housing markets, urban “Understanding declining fluidity in the U.S. labor market”
Karen Pence, Assistant Director – consumer finance, real estate “How Much Are Car Purchases Driven by Home Equity Withdrawal? Evidence from Household Surveys”
Ekaterina Peneva, Principal Economist – inflation “Inflation Perceptions and Inflation Expectations”
Brigitte Roth Tran, Economist – weather effects “Blame it on the Rain Weather Shocks and Retail Sales”
Kamila Sommer, Senior Economist – housing markets “Implications of U.S. Tax Policy for House Prices, Rents, and Homeownership”
Stacey Tevlin, Associate Director – business investment, general macro “Perspectives on the Recent Weakness in Investment”
Maria Tito, Economist – IO, international trade “Unraveling the Oil Conundrum: Productivity Improvements and Cost Declines in the U.S. Shale Oil Industry” and “Import Penetration and Domestic Innovation: A View into Dynamic Gains from Trade”
Alison Weingarden, Economist – Labor markets, layoffs, regional disparities “Labor Market Outcomes in Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan Areas: Signs of Growing Disparities” and “The Timing of Mass Layoff Episodes: Evidence from U.S. Microdata”
Min Wei, Deputy Associate Director – Treasury markets, risk premium “Macroeconomic Sources of Recent Interest Rate Fluctuations”
Gretchen Weinbach, Senior Associate Director – monetary policy, banking and monetary transmission “How Have the Fed’s Three Rate Hikes Passed Through to Selected Short-term Interest Rates?”
Rebecca Zarutskie, Chief – bank regulation, lending “Firm Leverage, Labor Market Size, and Employee Pay”
Some ‘Non-White’ Men Economists at the Board:
Aditya Aladangady, Senior Economist – consumer spending, houshold balance sheets “Housing Wealth and Consumption: Evidence from Geographically-linked Microdata”
Neil Bhutta, Principal Economist – mortgage lending, consumer finance “The Effect of Interest Rates on Home Buying: Evidence from a Discontinuity in Mortgage Insurance Premiums”
Andrew Chang, Senior Economist – investment “Is Economics Research Replicable? Sixty Published Papers from Thirteen Journals Say “Often Not”
Andrew Chen, Economist – asset pricing “Has the inflation risk premium fallen? Is it now negative?”
Brahima Coulibaly, Chief – monetary and exchange rate policies, global capital flows ” Emerging Market Capital Flows and U.S. Monetary Policy”
Illenin Kondo, Senior Economist – international trade, financial crisis in open economies “Foreign Competition and Domestic Jobs: Evidence from the U.S. Trade Adjustment Assistance”
David Lopez-Salido, Associate Director – monetary policy, general macro “Understanding the New Normal: The Role of Demographics”
Marius Rodriguez, Principal Economist – financial derivatives, CMBS pricing “Drivers of Inflation Compensation: Evidence from Inflation Swaps in Advanced Economies”
Gustavo Suarez, Chief – short-term credit markets, financial crises “Why isn’t Investment More Sensitive to Interest Rates: Evidence from Surveys”
Ivan Vidangos, Principal Economist – labor markets, public finance “Racial Gaps in Labor Market Outcomes in the Last Four Decades and over the Business Cycle”